In addition, a handful of issues remain outstanding, which are regularly submitted to the TRIPS Council for discussion, in particular complaints about “non-infringement”: the question of whether TO ALLOW TRIPS disputes concerning the loss of an expected profit, even if the letter of the TRIPS Agreement has not actually been violated. Article 10.2 clarifies that databases and other compilations of data or other material as such are protected by copyright, even if the databases contain data that, as such, is not protected by copyright. Databases are protected by copyright, provided that they constitute spiritual creations on the basis of the selection or arrangement of their contents. The provision also confirms that databases must be protected, whether machine-readable or in another form. . . .