The agreement gives U.S. farmers additional access to foreign markets, particularly in Canada. It does not demonize Canada`s “supply management system,” which dictates how much Canadian farmers must produce in order for them to be profitable. But Canada has agreed to eliminate a program that helps sellers of certain dairy products in Switzerland and abroad and opens its market to U.S. milk, cream, butter, cheese and other products. In return, the U.S. has expanded market access for Canadian dairy products and sugar. The negotiations “mainly focused on car exports, tariffs on steel and aluminum, as well as the milk, egg and poultry markets.” One provision “prevents any party from legislating that restricts the cross-border flow of data.”  Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA raises environmental and labor standards and encourages increased domestic production of cars and trucks.  The agreement also provides updated intellectual property protection, gives the United States increased access to the Canadian milk market, imposes a quota for Canadian and Mexican auto production, and increases duty-free treatment for Canadians who purchase IN FROM THE UNITED STATES. Our health and our planet are at risk. Trade agreements govern how our globalized planet is managed, and there are many things to worry about.
On December 10, 2019, a revised USMCA agreement was concluded by the three countries. On January 29, 1, 2020, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs Chrystia Freeland introduced the USMCA C-4 Implementation Act in the House of Commons and passed first reading without a recorded vote. On February 6, the bill was passed in the House of Commons by a vote of 275 to 28 at second reading, with the Bloc Québécois voting against and all other parties, and was referred to the Standing Committee on International Trade.    On February 27, 2020, the committee voted to refer the bill back to the plenary for third reading, without amendment. As soon as the new agreement enters into force, there are mechanisms to determine whether Mexican employers actually allow a free democratic trade union organization. Canada or the United States can adopt a rapid reaction mechanism. A group of independent inspectors would investigate potential violations that could lead to tariffs or trade sanctions. NAFTA has required automakers to produce 62.5 percent of a vehicle`s content in North America in order to qualify for zero duties. The new agreement increases this threshold to 75% over time. This should force automakers to buy fewer parts in Germany, Japan, South Korea or China for an “Assembled in Mexico” car. The pact also requires that 70% of a vehicle`s steel and aluminum come from North America, with the steel being both melted and cast on the continent. .